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Black Bamboo - Phyllostachys nigra

Black Bamboo - Phyllostachys nigra

(Poaceae Phyllostachys Nigra None)

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Product Details


    Introduced in 1827, black bamboo became the first hardy oriental bamboo and is reported to be the only species in which the culm turns a true ebony color, making it an excellent selection for the ornamental landscape. New canes emerge green and turn ebony black within two years, reaching 15 to 30 feet in height depending on location. The culm sheath have wavy blades with prominent oral setae, auricles and ligules.

    It can withstand temperatures to -4 F however top and foliage damage in the low teens if plants are exposed to drying winds. It's best to plant black bamboo in colder areas where it will be protected from wind. In shaded sites the culms are not as erect as some other species and tend to weep or arch over. Pruning can correct this behavior.

    Black Bamboo is a running bamboo, which means it spreads. Bamboo can be easily controlled in a small area (a normal city yard) simply by mowing or stepping on the young shoots. Keep in mind that running bamboo only puts up new shoots for a short time each year, and when they are "shooting", the new plants are very fragile and easy to destroy.  New shoots could also be used for culinary purposes and cooked, much like asparagus.  Root pruning, a Bamboo Root Barrier or growing plants in above- or below-ground containers are other methods to control spread.

    Gardener Direct carries Bamboo fertilizer and planting soil containing Biochar, a highly porous material that allows for long term water and nutrient holding capabilities. 


    Containers/Pots: Good
    Crafts: Good
    Edible: Good
    Hedge: Good
    Indoor: 6 hours min. sun
    Ornamental: Excellent
    Privacy Screen: Excellent
    Specimen: In containers
    Wood Quality: Good


    USDA Cold Hardiness Zones: 6-11
    Type: Running
    Height: Up to 30''
    Spread: 5'+ with no control
    Culm Diameter: 2"
    Sun: Sun or Part Shade
    Soil: Average
    Growth Rate: Fast



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    Black Bamboo on

    Works great with:

    Pure Bamboo BiocharPure Bamboo Biochar$119.99 $89.97

    Good Growing!

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    The following works great with Black Bamboo - Phyllostachys nigra:

    Pure Bamboo BiocharPure Bamboo Biochar$119.99 $89.97

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